What is Responsive Design?
It is important for website owners to make sure that their online representation is responsive enough. We need to provide consumers with optimal viewing experience. Responsive websites ensure easy reading, high degree of usability and smooth navigation. Regardless of the device, users will require much less scrolling, panning and resizing. A responsive website can be viewed on large screen Web-enabled TVs or low-cost smartphones with smaller display. On these devices, the website should be uniform in terms of appearance and usability. A good website should adapt to the proper layout for maximum viewing experience.
New websites should also use concepts like proportion-based grids, fluid layouts, CSS media queries and flexible images. With proportion-based grids and fluid layouts, it is easy to adjust the relative size of the design elements, using values like percentage, instead of fixed points or pixels. Flexible images can be adjusted based on the surrounding design elements. It means that images won’t overflow outside the containing element or become too small. With latest CSS implementations, media queries can be called based on the device characteristics. From all these responsive design factors, we should make sure that the design has fluid layouts.
Websites can be displayed on different devices, from the highly advanced 60-inch smart TV to a $30 Android smartphone with 3.5-inch display. With fixed design, it is nearly impossible to make sure that these devices can display the website properly. Fixed design will cause some of the layout elements to go beyond the scope of the display. It will also become incredibly tedious to design dozens of websites for different display sizes and resolutions. Flexible, fluid layout provides a sensible solution, because we use relative measurements. This gives our website the appropriate malleability and enhanced fluidity.
Overall, web designers won’t need to think about the device type. The design should adapt well to the device size. Responsive websites are often divided into different grids and columns. This will make sure that the overall layout is easy to work with and tidy. Elements such as div tags and images must be divided into specific columns. They need to automatically set proportional heights and widths, rather dimensions that are fixed. We should also be able to manipulate media queries using the specified proportions. Websites should be rich in media representation and they should be adaptable based on color, height and width.
Overall, a modern responsive website should be
- Cross browser compatible with major web browsers on computers and mobile devices
- HTML5 compatible
- Equipped with support for Modernizr, jQuery and various detection features
- Equipped with support for CSS normalizations